fart defines a decision's false alarm rate (or the rate of false positives): The conditional probability of the decision being positive if the condition is FALSE.



An object of class numeric of length 1.


Understanding or obtaining the false alarm rate fart:

  • Definition: fart is the conditional probability for an incorrect positive decision given that the condition is FALSE:

    fart = p(decision = positive | condition = FALSE)

    or the probability of a false alarm.

  • Perspective: fart further classifies the subset of cond_false individuals by decision (fart = fa/cond_false).

  • Alternative names: false positive rate (FPR), rate of type-I errors (alpha), statistical significance level, fallout

  • Relationships:

    a. fart is the complement of the specificity spec:

    fart = 1 - spec

    b. fart is the opposite conditional probability -- but not the complement -- of the false discovery rate or false detection rate FDR:

    FDR = p(condition = FALSE | decision = positive)

  • In terms of frequencies, fart is the ratio of fa divided by cond_false (i.e., fa + cr):

    fart = fa/cond_false = fa/(fa + cr)

  • Dependencies: fart is a feature of a decision process or diagnostic procedure and a measure of incorrect decisions (false positives).

    However, due to being a conditional probability, the value of fart is not intrinsic to the decision process, but also depends on the condition's prevalence value prev.


Consult Wikipedia for additional information.

See also

comp_fart computes fart as the complement of spec prob contains current probability information; comp_prob computes current probability information; num contains basic numeric parameters; init_num initializes basic numeric parameters; comp_freq computes current frequency information; is_prob verifies probabilities.

Other probabilities: FDR, FOR, NPV, PPV, acc, err, mirt, ppod, prev, sens, spec


fart <- .25 # sets a false alarm rate of 25% fart <- 25/100 # (decision = positive) for 25 out of 100 people with (condition = FALSE) is_prob(fart) # TRUE
#> [1] TRUE