heading plots 1 or more text strings (provided as a character vector labels) as a heading to an (existing or new) plot and places a colored box behind each label to mark it (i.e., highlighting the heading).

heading(
  labels,
  x = 0,
  y = 0.8,
  x_layout = NA,
  y_layout = "flush",
  col = "black",
  col_bg = "default",
  cex = 2,
  font = 2,
  new_plot = "slide"
)

Arguments

labels

A character vector specifying the text labels to be plotted.

x

A numeric vector of x-coordinates at which the text labels in labels should be written. If the lengths of x and y differ, the shorter one is recycled. Default: x = 0.

y

A numeric vector of y-coordinates at which the text labels in labels should be written. If the lengths of x and y differ, the shorter one is recycled. Default: y = .8.

x_layout

An optional numeric vector or character string to control the horizontal positions of labels. Numeric values are interpreted as increments to values of x and recycled (to enable stepwise or alternating patterns). 3 character string options are: "center" (i.e., center wrt. first label or plot center), "left" (i.e., left wrt. first label or plot center), "right" (i.e., right wrt. first label or plot center). Default: x_layout = NA (i.e., using values of x).

y_layout

A numeric value or character string to control the vertical positions of labels. Numeric values are interpreted as increments to values of y[1] and recycled (to enable stepwise or alternating patterns). 2 character string options are: "even" (i.e., even distribution of labels across available y-space) and "flush" (i.e., no space between adjacent labels, i.e., y_layout = 0). Default: y_layout = "flush".

col

The color(s) of the text label(s). Default: col_lbl = "black".

col_bg

The color(s) to highlight or fill the rectangle(s) with. Default: col_bg = "default" (to automatically select different shades of pal_seeblau).

cex

Numeric character expansion factor(s), multiplied by par("cex") to yield the character size(s). Default: cex = 2.

font

The font type(s) to be used. Default: font = 2 (i.e., bold).

new_plot

Boolean: Should a new plot be generated? Set to "blank" or "slide" to create a new plot, and to "none" to add to an existing plot. Default: new_plot = "slide" (i.e., create a new slide).

Details

Text formatting parameters (like col, col_bg, cex, font) are recycled to match length(labels).

heading uses the base graphics system graphics::.

See also

slide and xbox to create simple plots (without text).

Examples

heading(labels = c("This is a headline", "containing two lines."))
# Note the warning: heading(labels = c("Headlines", "with 3 or more lines", "should not be arranged", "in such a step-wise fashion."))
#> Step-wise titles are discouraged: Consider re-arranging?
# Avoiding the warning: heading(labels = c("Headlines with", "3 or more lines should", "not be arranged", "in a step-wise fashion."))
# Using non-default colors: heading(labels = c("Ene,", "mene, miste,", "es rappelt", "in der Kiste."), cex = 1.6, col = "white", col_bg = usecol(c(Pinky, Seegruen, Bordeaux, Karpfenblau)))
# Using x_layout and y_layout: heading(labels = c("Ene,", "mene, miste,", "es rappelt", "in der Kiste."), cex = 1.6, col = "white", col_bg = usecol(pal_pinky[2:5]), x = NA, y = .6, x_layout = "right", y_layout = "flush")
#' @family text functions